Working...
Welcome to Nucleus Catalog.
My Lightbox
Item ID: nht0002   Source ID: 2

Description: Conjunctivitis (Pink Eye) by Michelle Badash, MS Definition Conjunctivitis is inflammation or infection of the conjunctiva. The conjunctiva is a membrane that covers the eye and lines the inner surface of the eyelid.

Causes Causes include:

Allergic reaction, usually related to seasonal allergies Bacterial infection, such as staphylococcus or... More

X

Conjunctivitis (Pink Eye) by Michelle Badash, MS Definition Conjunctivitis is inflammation or infection of the conjunctiva. The conjunctiva is a membrane that covers the eye and lines the inner surface of the eyelid.

Causes Causes include:

Allergic reaction, usually related to seasonal allergies Bacterial infection, such as staphylococcus or streptococcus Chemical irritation caused by: Air pollutants Chlorine Makeup Other chemicals Smoke Soap Viral upper respiratory infection (e.g., colds) Both viral and bacterial conjunctivitis are highly contagious.

Risk Factors A risk factor is something that increases your chance of getting a disease or condition. Risk factors for conjunctivitis include:

Age: more common in children Contact lenses, particularly if not maintained properly Contact with a person who has conjunctivitis Exposure to chemical or environmental irritants Seasonal allergies or contact with known allergens Sharing towels, linens, or other objects (even doorknobs) with an infected person Symptoms Symptoms include:

Inflamed inner eyelids Pus-like or watery discharge Red, watery eyes Scratchy feeling in the eyes Sensitivity to light Swelling of the eyelid Depending on its cause, conjunctivitis will usually clear up within 2-14 days. If conjunctivitis is caused by a seasonal allergy, it may continue to recur throughout the season.

Diagnosis The doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history, and examine your eye. If there is discharge from your eye, it may be tested to determine the cause of the conjunctivitis.

Treatment Treatment will depend on the type of infection.

Bacterial Infection Antibiotic eye drops and/or ointment will be prescribed. This will help shorten the course of the infection and the time it is contagious. Wipe away any discharge that accumulates with a clean cotton ball before applying the medication.

Viral Infection There is no medicine to cure a viral infection. However, many doctors will prescribe topical antibiotics if they cannot rule out the possibility of a bacterial infection. Applying warm compresses or artificial tears (found in pharmacies) may help relieve symptoms.

Allergic or Chemical Irritation Avoid the cause of the irritation (smoke, pollen, etc.). Apply cool compresses to the affected area. Eye drops containing antihistamines or anti-inflammatory medications may help relieve severe allergic conjunctivitis.

To Prevent Further Spread of Infection: Avoid shaking hands with others. Avoid swimming. Carefully clean away any discharge with warm water and clean cotton or gauze, and immediately discard. Change pillowcases and towels every night. Do not share pillows or towels. Keep hands away from your face, and do not rub your eyes. Wash hands frequently. Prevention Strategies to avoid conjunctivitis include:

Avoid exposure to chemical irritants. Avoid sharing towels, washcloths, pillows, and handkerchiefs. Clean contact lenses daily and never sleep with them unless approved by your eye doctor. Do not share makeup or eye drops with anyone else. Wash hands frequently, and keep hands away from eyes. Wear watertight goggles when swimming. Last reviewed: July 2003 by Marc Ellman, MD.

Max Image Size: 624 pixels wide by 435 pixels high


 
Recent Comments
 

No comments have been posted.


 
Post a Comment