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Description: Medically relevant promotional products from Nucleus are just what the doctor ordered. Physicians love to use our URAC approved, scientifically accurate tear sheet pads for patient education and compliance. Perfect for waiting room or exam room displays, with infinitely customizable designs. CALL for pricing information and samples - 800-333-0753.

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Medically relevant promotional products from Nucleus are just what the doctor ordered. Physicians love to use our URAC approved, scientifically accurate tear sheet pads for patient education and compliance. Perfect for waiting room or exam room displays, with infinitely customizable designs. CALL for pricing information and samples - 800-333-0753.

Product Specifications: 8.5 x 11 inches or 5.5x 8.5 inches; 50 tear sheets, two-sided information (full color front side, one-color back side), printed on white stock, sturdy cardboard back, detailed medical illustrations in color and continuous tone, space available for overprinting of contact information or product may be customized with new artwork or text (additional charge may apply).

This tear sheet pad contains the following information:

An aortic aneurysm is a weak, bulging area in the wall of the aorta. The bulging develops from a weakness or defect in the aortic wall and tends to get bigger with time. The aorta is the body's largest artery. It carries blood from the heart for delivery to the rest of the body. The aorta travels through the chest (thoracic aorta) and the abdomen (abdominal aorta). Abdominal aortic aneurysms are more common than thoracic aortic aneurysms.

The greatest danger is that an aneurysm will rupture. This will cause heavy, uncontrollable bleeding (hemorrhage). Aortic aneurysms can also occur with aortic dissection. Dissection is defined as a small tear in the aortic wall. Blood from the aneurysm can leak through this tear and spread between the layers of the aortic wall, eventually leading to rupture of the vessel.

Aneurysms can develop anywhere, but are most common in the aorta, iliac artery and femoral artery.

Causes

Atherosclerosis is frequently associated with aneurysm. However, it is not thought that this disease alone causes the growth of an aneurysm. It is believed that other factors, such as high blood pressure or connective tissue disorders, must be present for an aneurysm to form.

Risk Factors

A risk factor is something that increases your chance of getting a disease or condition. Risk factors for an aortic aneurysm include the following: Age: 60 or older Arteriosclerosis, atherosclerosis Bacterial endocarditis Family members with aneurysms Great vessel arteritis (Takayasuโ€™s disease) High blood pressure History of heart attack Infectious aortitis Inherited connective tissue defects (Marfan syndrome, Ehlers-Danlos syndrome) Injury to the aorta, from either a motor vehicle accident or a stab wound Obesity Polyarteritis nodosa Smoking Syphilis

Symptoms

Many aneurysms do not have symptoms and are detected during a routine physical exam or during x-ray evaluation for another disorder.

Symptoms may occur when the aneurysm grows or disrupts the wall of the aorta. Symptoms depend on the size and location of the aneurysm and may include: Boring, gnawing, constant pain occurring over hours or days Bowel obstruction Chest pain Cough, shortness of breath (thoracic aortic aneurysm) Coughing up blood Difficulty swallowing Hoarseness Pain in the abdomen or in the lower back Sudden blood pressure drop, fainting (upon rupture of aneurysm) Sudden onset of severe stabbing pain Unusual sensation of pulsing in the abdomen Weight loss

Diagnosis

The doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history, and perform a physical exam. Pain is the symptom that will most likely cause you to go to the doctor. Most aortic aneurysms are discovered during a routine physical exam.

Tests may include: Abdominal or chest ultrasound Abdominal or chest x-ray Aortography โ€“ the use of x-rays and injection of a contrast dye to make images of the heart and the aorta CT scan of the abdomen or chest โ€“ a type of x-ray that uses a computer to make images of the inside of the body Cardiac catheterization โ€“ a tube-like instrument is inserted into the heart through a vein or artery (usually in the arm or leg) to detect problems with the heart and its blood supply MRI scan of the abdomen or chest โ€“ a test that uses magnetic waves to make images of the inside of the body MUGA scan โ€“ a study of the heart's blood supply Pulmonary function tests โ€“ a series of breathing tests to assess how well your lungs word Transesophageal echocardiography (ECHO) โ€“ the use of ultrasound to study the heart and its vessels; a transducer, which records the information, is swallowed by the patient

Treatment

Treatment includes surgery or stenting.

Surgery

Surgery to repair an aortic aneurysm is called aneurysmectomy. It involves removing the portion of the aorta that contains the aneurysm and replacing it with a mesh graft.

With aneurysms of the thoracic aorta, the aortic valve may also be affected and need to be replaced or repaired. If the aneurysm involves important branches of the aorta, these vessels may either be repaired or bypassed.

When deciding whether to operate, the doctor will consider: Associated disease (kidney failure, stroke, etc.) If the aneurysm has ruptured or not If you've had a recent heart attack The size of your aneurysm Your age Your general health Your symptoms

Stenting

Depending on where the aneurysm is located and how complex it is, stenting may be done. A stent-graft is a polyester tube covered by a tubular metal web. The stent-graft is inserted through a small incision in the upper thigh into the aorta. Using x-ray, it is guided through the aorta to the site of the aneurysm. With the stent-graft in place, blood flows through the stent-graft instead of into the aneurysm, eliminating the chance of rupture.

Prevention

There are no guidelines for preventing an aneurysm because the cause is not known. However, you can reduce some of your risk factors by following these recommendations: Begin a safe exercise program as recommended by your doctor. Don't smoke. If you smoke, quit. Eat a healthful diet, one that is low in saturated fat and rich in whole grains, fruits and vegetables. If you have Marfan syndrome, see your doctor regularly for monitoring and CT scans. Maintain a healthful weight. Seek treatment for high blood pressure, syphilis, and other infections.

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